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Definition

 

What is Childhood Stroke?

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the part of the brain is suddenly interrupted (ischemic) or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding the brain cells (hemorrhagic). The symptoms of stroke can be: sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble walking; dizziness; or loss of balance or coordination. Brain cells die when they no longer receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood or when they are damaged by sudden bleeding into or around the brain. These damaged cells can linger in a compromised state for several hours. With timely treatment, these cells can be saved. Stroke is diagnosed through several techniques: a short neurological examination, blood tests, CT scans, MRI scans, Doppler ultrasound, and arteriography. 

 

Stroke Signs and Symptoms

  • sudden severe headache

  • sudden nausea and/or vomiting

  • warm, flushed, clammy skin

  • slow, full pulse - may have distended neck veins

  • absent, slurred or inappropriate speech

  • partial or complete blindness

  • blurred vision

  • may have unequal pupils

  • 'facial droop'

  • paralysis, weakness or loss of coordination of limbs, usually on one side of the body

  • loss of balance

  • salivary drool

  • urinary incontinence

  • brief loss of consciousness

  • unconscious - `snoring' respirations

  • may have seizures

  • may show signs of rapid recovery (TIA)

 

First Aide For A Stroke

  • posture in position of comfort taking care that the airway does not become obstructed by drool or mucous

  • call 911 for an ambulance

  • reassurance talk to the casualty even if unconscious

  • stable side position if unconscious, constantly observe

  • maintain body temperature


 

 

 

 

 

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